Plant grow light: create optimal conditions in the winter
Constant light is one of the most important factors that affect the full growth and development of plants. Natural light in some cases is not enough, so you have to resort to the use of additional sources. Particularly acute this problem is in winter when the colors are sorely lacking light and sunshine.
Modern electric light sources tailored to the needs of the plants in the light and is aimed at encouraging growth and the creation of favorable conditions for photosynthesis.
The need for more colors in «power-up» depends on the room temperature. The higher it is, the more light the plant is required.
In the winter in a cool unheated room with poor lighting plants has to be much worse.
Lighting with artificial light
It is not necessary to disturb the natural daylength. Many plants came to us from the southern countries where the sun shines most of the day, so at room conditions these flowers need more intense lighting.
Our geographical position means 7 hours of light a day, however, for flowers it is not enough. Use artificial lighting or lighting for a longer time – up to 15 hours.
It is not recommended to disrupt the «biological clock» room to include more light at 7 am. Try to sustain an optimal daylength equal to 20-22 hours.
When you need to use a bulb for plants?
The lack of lighting directly affects the state of the plant. Flower like the sky, trying to reach for light.
The leaves will be disproportionately wide, the cuttings are long. The saturation of the plants is markedly reduced, the barrel starts to bend, aiming for the light source. The flowers look weak and pale. The leaves quickly dry out and die.
If all these symptoms are present on your houseplants, it’s time to take care of them and to arrange for artificial lighting with fitolamp.
What kind of lamp to choose for plants
A variety of contemporary sources of artificial lighting allows you to select different models fitolamp designed for the correction of illumination of plants in the home. Their parameters are selected in such a way that the flowers received the most favorable conditions at low cost from your side.
Today incandescent bulbs are in every home, so many women use them as an additional light source for houseplants. However, this is not the best choice. They lack the blue spectrum, so necessary for the process of photosynthesis. Moreover, with close placement of the lamp on the plant may appear burns – brown and grey spots at the edges of the leaves.
Incandescent lamps are extremely hot and have low efficiency. They are cheap enough, but prolonged use will require large energy costs.
As an option, use incandescent bulbs along with fluorescent for lighting in small greenhouses. This kit will provide the enrichment of the colors of the red spectrum and makes it possible to heat the air.
Suitable only as additional lighting as they are virtually no heat and does not affect the temperature around the plant.
Fluorescent lamps are inexpensive, have high luminous efficiency. This variant is suitable for lighting large visits with the landings. The installation of these light sources, for example, on the windowsill in the house is ineffective. They are poorly lit and awkward to use due to its size.
Conventional fluorescent lamps with stretch suitable for lighting plants. The red waves are very weak, almost does not affect the processes of photosynthesis and plant growth.
Purchase a special lamp that, thanks to the coating on the glass bulb, give the closest to natural light spectrum. To increase the efficiency of fluorescent lamps by 25-30% is possible with directional reflectors.
To efficient light sources for plants include mercury lamps, which have a much greater component of the red spectrum. They are distinguished by power, but consume considerable amounts of power.
Energy saving lamps for plants
The principle of energy saving lamps similar to fluorescent. However, the latter is not always comfortable in the apartment because of its size and the availability of the special throttle.
Design of energy-saving lamps involves the use of its own internal throttle, which is enough to screw into a standard socket.
The undoubted advantage of these lamps is the low electricity consumption compared to incandescent and fluorescent. The life of such fitolamp to 15 thousand hours.
Energy-saving lamps are divided into 3 types:
- cool light can accelerate the germination and development of seedlings or seedling
- warm light – suitable for illumination of plants during the active period of flowering
- daylight is a universal choice for a separate or additional illumination of landings during the entire plant cycle
Led lamps for plants
Led bulb, different ICE – the best and viable option for creating artificial light for plants. They differ less power consumption, high efficiency, long life – single bulb to last for 50 thousand hours.
Most models of led bulbs made in the form of compact lamps, which are conveniently placed on shelves, niches and window sills. For growing large quantities of seedlings are special led violenty.
Led-lamps have high security. Continuous radiation lamps has no negative effects on humans. Led lamps contain a complete spectrum (red, blue, orange) for the proper growth of plants. This helps reduce energy consumption and the possibility to regulate the development of the plants, slowing or speeding it up.
When you buy led lamps you should pay attention to their power. The best setting for lighting standard facilities 70 W per 1 m2. Also keep in mind that the closer a lamp is located to the plant, the better and healthier will be its impact.
Tip! The led light almost does not emit heat, so they must be installed as close to the plant or to be combined with incandescent lamps.
In cloudy cold winters without an additional light source, potted plants, sprouts and seedlings cannot survive. Therefore, it is important to take care of the lighting in the room or a greenhouse, selecting more options fitolamp for plants.