Flower gippeastrum: incredible beauty at your home
There is a plant of the family amaryllidaceae. Many gardeners he’s attracted to handsome, tall inflorescence. How to properly care for a flower, he gave you your beauty?
Varieties and classification of plants
Despite the fact that experts attributed there to the family amaryllidaceae, it is not. There has 6-7 buds in full flower spike, while Amaryllis consists of 6-12 blossoms, and the stems it is incomplete. After many disputes, in 1954, researchers began to recognize the Amaryllis only 1 species of this African plant – the Amaryllis is Beautiful. As for immigrants from South America, they took to Hippeastrum with the prefix «hybrid».
Later, in the preparation of classification gippeastrumov were taken into account not only the regions of origin of the plant, but also features its flower and flowering periods. Thus, this includes 9 groups of hybrids:
- There’s Regina;
- Leopard hybrid;
- Amaryllis Belladonna;
- miniature floral;
- with flowers dlinnotrubchatye;
- with double flowers;
- the species that is actively cultivated;
- hybrids, which are not included in any of the 8 previous groups.
There is a perennial bulbous plants. Its bulb is round, rarely conical shape and is composed of a stem, around which closed scales. Depending on the type of flower bulb can be from 5 to 10 cm in diameter.
The leaves of the plant are mostly green, but some varieties they can be painted in crimson color. Sheet length from 50 to 70 cm. they are Located in 2 rows.
Tubular or funnel-shaped flowers are on long stalks. They clustered in umbels 2-6 different sexes of the flower. Their color can be very different: from white to dark red.
Hippeastrum seeds ripen in boxes. They have excellent germination rate, which basically reaches 100%.
Plants grown at home has some features that are important to consider when breeding:
There’s care in the home
The flower prefers well-lit places. It’s best to put a pot of Hippeastrum in southern or South-Eastern part of the apartment, closed to expose it to direct sunlight. Periodically, the flower must make a turn. Thus, it is possible to achieve compactness of its form.
During active growth, plants need a temperature in the range from 17 to 25 degrees. In the summer it is best planted in open ground, making sure that the plant is not with excessive.
At the initial stage of the growing season you need to water it sparingly. The signal that began the period of vegetation will be the appearance of the first spike. From this point it is important to provide the plant a generous watering, but not to fill it excessively. Best is bottom watering with warm water. It is important that water does not enter the bulb of the plant. After flowering, the intensity of irrigation should be gradually reduced.
After the stems grow to 12-15 cm, the plant should be watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and after 5-6 days, feed with a fertilizer containing phosphates. Fertilize the plant twice a month, making sure that the amount of minerals in the fertilizer was small, otherwise you risk to damage the roots of plants.
Leaves Hippeastrum need regular wet cleaning. To do this, they just wipe with a damp cloth and occasionally to give him a shower with warm water.
There’s a transplant
The plant needs transplanting, 1 time for 3-4 years. This should be done before going to rest or right after it. While it is important to choose the right pot for transplanting. Ideally, if the distance from the bulbs to the pot will not exceed 2 cm. the Soil should contain perlite, compost, turf and ground sheet. Before landing here Hippeastrum, the land should be disinfected.
On the bottom of the pot it’s important to put the drainage. Directly planting is done by perelivania flower. Thus, it is possible to achieve a minimum injury to its root system.
Onion should be ground so that the third part of them was above the surface of the earth.
There’s a reproduction
The reproduction of the plant can be vegetatively or by seed use. Seeds are sown immediately after collection. Thus it is possible to achieve maximum germination. After drying, germinate only 30%. To the flower appeared seeds, you need to artificially pollinate.
Vegetative method of propagation Hippeastrum is more simple. This should be done at the time of his transplant. With a sharp knife separates baby. The cut coal is treated with dust. After planting the new plants in a pot it is impossible to deprive of leaves even during rest.
There is also another method of vegetative propagation of this plant is division of bulbs. This should be done in the period when the bulb is concentrated in most nutrients. This is usually November.
To do this, cut off the leaves with the upper part of the bulb. Then the onion is cut into 4 equal shares to the substrate.
The resulting sections are inserted spokes, which will prevent the closure of follicles. It is important that the substrate, which will be the bulb doesn’t dry out. Once in the spring, the plant displays leaves, onion to separate and sit in different pots.
A period of rest
This time the plant starts in September and lasts until January. At the beginning of autumn gradually reduce watering the plants. After dry up and fall off the leaves, cut the stem. The plants are placed in a cool (6-12 degrees) and dark room. Water the plant at this time is not necessary.
Those who tried to make themselves at home this plant, you know that its flowering is not so easy. There are several tricks using which you will be able to do this:
Why are there no blooms? The reason may be shortage of nutrients or the presence of pests against which the plant spends too much energy. Therefore, it is important to regularly engage in feeding Hippeastrum and monitor the presence of scale insects, spider mites or other pests.
Gippeastrum after flowering
As soon as the plant finishes flowering, it’s time to prepare for rest. To do this in September should finish it watering and after usyhanija sheets, put a pot of Hippeastrum in a suitable place where he will be until Jan or Feb. After that, the pot with the plant should be put in a warm and well-lit place to start to water and produce fertilizer.