Decorative lemons room in the house: the care, fit, features
Many gardeners professionals and fans believe that the room or on the yard must be ornamental lemon tree. The reasons are many: the plant has a aesthetic appearance, clears the air and brings good luck, according to national signs.
Varieties of ornamental lemon
At home you can grow many varieties of lemon. Each of them looks picturesque, some of them produce fruit, others fit perfectly in a small room and even on the windowsill.
This variety has been bred by the breeders a hundred years ago. Its advantage is simplicity. The plant feels comfortable with a small amount of light and dry air. Even under these conditions, the lemon can grow up to two meters. Its crown has a nice rounded shape. With proper care in the fourth year, a healthy tree can bear up to fifty a small fruit.
For the first time this sort appeared in Russia in the 20-ies of the last century. Its spread through Europe was due to the rich harvest of those trees that were planted in the open ground. The plant was obtained by crossing the lemon and orange.
Chinese lemon grows only up to one meter in height. While the plant is fruiting on the third year of life. Flowers appear on both old and young shoots, the fruit when it ripen quickly. It should be remembered that this variety grows poorly in the shade. So to grow a lemon need on the window sills of the South and South-West of the house. During the rest of the tree should also be cool, but the rest of the time he needs warmth and even heat.
This variety is the main objective puts a decorative effect. However, he is unpretentious and brings the harvest. Maximum height – half a meter. The attractiveness of the plant lies in its abundant flowering of its former color. In the second year to get the first yellow lemons with thick skin.
How to grow lemon from seeds and care for him
Evergreen shrub produce useful essential oils and volatile production can easily grow from a single bone. The result is a compact tree with fragrant flowers and dark green fleshy leaves.
You should start with a selection of beautiful large fruit. By cutting it, you need to remove the large and thick seeds. Drying them is not necessary, otherwise the chance to grow their becomes very little. It is better to treat seed of any biostimulant. Then it faster and more efficient germinate. For good result it is necessary to dissolve the composition according to instructions and leave in it the future lemon all night.
While the seeds are soaked, you need to prepare for them the soil and containers for sowing. It can be mini-pots from the store or a makeshift bowl made of plastic. On the bottom lay a drainage, pre-forming the bottom of the hole. Need to plant many seeds. They don’t all germinate, and germinated among the can best. Easiest way is to put the loose lemons purchase ground. If you have the desire, the land can cook by yourself: mix the compost, sand, peat and deciduous land in equal parts. Spread the mixture in pots, wetted and immersed in them the seeds to a depth of two centimeters. To store the crops need when the temperature is above 18 degrees. It is also recommended to cover the cups with something to create greenhouse conditions.
Watering the crops is not enough regular spraying from a spray. Wait for the seedlings have two to four weeks. When the seedlings form a four leaf they can already be considered a full-fledged plants. At this time, you can choose the healthy and transplanted them into proper pots. Better if it is pottery. In advance before transplanting the pots are soaked and spread on the bottom of the drainage. The composition of the soil can be left the same.
Feeding of young lemon need to hold the spring in. The plant will require additional lighting in the cold season. It is also important to regularly repot the tree in a more appropriate volume pot. It is recommended to do it in June or February. Fertilizer should be alternated: mineral replaced bipolarly. They should only be liquid.
In the first year of growth, the tree needs to pinch back. So it is possible to achieve intensive growth of lateral branches. Proportional crown will make the regular turns of the pot by a quarter. If the lemon flowered in the first year, it is recommended to cut all the flowers – the plant goes on them too much energy. In order to approximate the stage of fruiting adult plant, it is recommended to graft other citrus fruits.
How to cure the disease of the lemon tree
Most often homemade lemons are suffering from aphids, scale insects, spider mites, scale insects. Sick tree loses its juice and gives twisted shoots. Over time, begin to dry and fall off the leaves.
For starters pests to remove from the branches with a small brush. Tool pre-soaked in a solution of sulphate of anabasine. The next day the solution is washed away and the procedure was repeated after a week. If damage is strong, it is necessary to prepare an infusion of onion, celandine, garlic or tobacco and to handle the flower spray. You can also apply pharmacy biological products for pest control. They need to be more careful, as most of the strongest poisons.
Also lemons are suffering from fungus and bacterial blight. The leaves acquire a grayish patina and lack of nutrition. Of the lesion in the caret need to treat with copper sulfate and cover up cure wounds or garden pitch. The leaves should be wiped with a damp cloth. The whole period of treatment the flower you need to feed to maintain forces in him.
How to care for lemon tree in the garden
If you want to plant lemon trees on the plot, it is necessary to observe some rules. To plant the trees only in the spring. To do this, you must make sure that the soil is sufficiently warmed. This will create all conditions for that sapling has matured before winter and was able to survive.
It is best to grow plants from seed as described above. So you can get strong and reliable planting material. For planting in open ground the lemons must be more than a year. At this time, the trees will already have strong roots, and they can spend the winter without problems.
For planting select a Sunny place, but not in the spotlight. You should dig a hole 60 by 80 inches and a depth of about five feet. At the bottom lay a drainage, on top of about thirty centimeters of the substrate. All this is intensely compacted. Then poured a mound of nutrient mixture on the surface of which is placed a sapling. The roots of the future tree carefully straightened. On top of all this is covered with soil and filled with thirty or forty litres of water. Earth trample down under the tree and sprinkle the mulch. Lemons in the garden require moderate but regular watering. To increase the amount of water only if droughty weather.
In Russia, the lemons will begin to bear fruit only after five years. Grown street trees are likely to bear fruit lemons, quite unlike those from which was extracted the stone. But in any case to try the fruit from your garden would be especially nice.