Croton: the cultivation and care at home
Croton – indoor ornamental plant with leathery leaves asymmetric, pointed, alkrinawi, vyemchatoy and other forms. The young leaves of the flower is usually light green, but as you grow and have a rich Burgundy color.
Many hostesses decorate your home with Croton, as it is radically different in color from the other houseplants. Bright leaves turn this flower into a kind of dressy autumn forest.
A distinctive feature of the leaves of Croton is pronounced veining. Flowering usually does not cause elation among Housewives, as it is an inflorescence axillary carpal Vistula forms a nondescript cream color.
According to florists, Croton is quite capricious plant. The juice of the plant are poisonous, so in the process of caring for them must wear gloves. A small amount of juice of the Croton can cause contact dermatitis and vomiting.
In addition to the simple spraying Croton needs periodic wiping leaves with a damp sponge. In hot weather, do this 1 in two weeks. Watering should be carried out with water at room temperature or even slightly above.
Croton does not like drafts and walk-through rooms. When flowering it loses a lot of energy, so if you want to see a beautiful and healthy plant, the color of the buds and peduncles is best to remove.
Proper care of Croton
In order to have your flower always pleased with the magnificent view, take note of some basic rules of care for a Croton, is presented below.
Croton – photophilous plant, but most of all he prefers direct sunlight. The best place for it is a North window, where there’s a bright light in the morning and before sunset.
If you have the opportunity in the summer to make the plant into fresh air and filtered sunlight, you should use it. The optimum temperature for flower – 20-22 degrees in the summer and not below 16 in winter.
Watering Croton is directly at earth com. The soil should be constantly moist, but this is not to prevent standing water in the roots, which may be the cause of the decay. Water for irrigation must be filtered down or defend.
In addition to timely irrigation, give special attention to spraying and wiping leaves with a damp sponge. In hot weather, arrange the plant a warm shower, while beware of falling into the pot of excess moisture.
Fertilizer and fertilizing Croton
Fertilize the flower in the period from April to November. For this purpose, complex mineral fertilizer, which is placed on pre-moistened ground. The procedure is performed twice a month in the winter 1 time per month.
To form a beautiful crown of the plant is achieved by trimming the adult flower and prisypanija the young.
Young Croton pinch, when its height reached 15 cm, then the growth of the shoots. The resulting stems, or buds, it is desirable to remove as defective flowering exhausts plants.
Young krotons need to transplant 2 times a year. Mature plants – 1 time in two years. When a flower, choose the container on a 2 cm wider than the previous. When he will take the pot with a diameter of 25 cm, then transplant is no longer needed. However, it is necessary annually to remove the top layer of soil and replace it with fresh substrate.
You can purchase ready-made mail to Croton, or to sculpt the perfect soil yourself. This shift in equal parts turfy peat, leaf soil and river sand.
In the process of transplanting try not to damage the earthen room and just move it from the old pot to the new one. Don’t forget to cover the bottom of the tank, a drainage layer, which occupies a quarter of its volume.
Reproduction features of Croton
If you are the owner of a beautiful adult Croton, then it’s time to think about reproduction, moreover, that all the necessary you have. At home the plant is propagated by seeds, which are formed after flowering. So if you aimed at getting young krotons, when the stalks keep them.
Grown from seed at home, the Croton will not have specific varietal characteristics. For obtaining the hybrids used propagation stem or leaf cuttings.
After collecting the seeds do not tighten the fit. Immediately place them in a solution with growth factors for swelling. The dishes with seeds cover with polyethylene, thereby creating the semblance of a water bath, and wait for the first «eyes».
After that you can proceed directly to boarding. To do this, prepare the pots with a diameter of 8 cm, fill them with soil and place the seeds no deeper than 1 cm. the Successful growth of the seed is possible while maintaining a constant temperature not below 22 degrees.
Before the first shoots of seedlings moistened by bottom watering. When the sprouts will appear on the third leaf they must be seated in individual pots with a diameter of 10 cm and take care as for adult plants.
Diseases and pests of Croton
Since the Croton plant poisonous, it is rarely attacked by pests and parasites. However, improper care and flower arrangement in the room can lead to various diseases.
The main disease of Croton:
- dry leaves – the reason for this «malaise» – a bad watering or flower arrangement in direct sunlight in the summer
- appear insects – most often it is mealybugs, scale insects, mites, etc. the Main reason for the appearance of pests is the wrong plant care. Ticks are most often striking Croton, which is rarely wiped with a damp sponge and sprayed with a sprayer.
To get rid of this «scourge» treat the leaves with a mixture of tobacco dust and soap diluted in water. After half an hour rinse with a solution, trying not to fall on the ground.
- Croton lowered the leaves is the first sign that the plant is cold. Move the pot in a warm bright place and moisten the soil several inches deep into the earthen coma. Regularly spray the leaves, and to achieve more humidity, put it on Croton plastic transparent bag, which will create an additional influx of moisture.
- flower dry if dry turn yellow and lower leaves, nothing to worry about. This is a natural exposure of the stalk. Dry tips of leaves is talking about the low humidity. The appearance of brown spots indicates that the room is cold and Croton simply freezes.
Croton, at first glance, very sturdy and hardy plant, however, it is one of the most whimsical care. Trouble with him no less than with Pets. However, if you are not afraid of difficulties, then you will be rewarded with a beautiful plant that will bring variety to the atmosphere of your home and will delight the magnificent brightness of the Burgundy leaves throughout the year.