Amaryllis: the planting, care and characteristics of plants
Amaryllis is a beautiful flower that can be grown both at home and in the garden. The second name – «Belladonna», which literally translates as «beautiful lady». Before you get this plant, you need to figure out some of the features and specific qualities of the flower.
Flower Amaryllis: features
The plant belongs to perennial. It has a root, reaching a diameter of 15 cm to Know Amaryllis can be long (30-50 cm) leaves that resemble language. Flower heads plants grow to 20 cm in diameter and are sealed on the long arrows. The flowers themselves are attractive and can decorate the garden or room. The plant is quite perverse, but if you pay enough attention to him, it will please the owner of the flourished at a time 6-12 stunning flowers of red, white or pink. In flowering plants spread a pleasant aroma. For interior decoration this plant can be considered one of the best.
Care of Amaryllis in the garden and at home
If the climate of the region, the Amaryllis can be grown in the open ground, leaving the bulbs in the ground for the winter. The only condition is temperature. If the temperature drops below 5 degrees, the risk of death of the follicles in the soil. In some cases, planted in the garden Amaryllis and their relatives Hippeastrum can save a secretion.
For competent care need to organize the irrigation system. The bulbs of this plant is extremely sensitive to the abundance of moisture. If the water lingers in the soil, the plants will simply rot.
At home, the Amaryllis is grown in pots and vases. It is important to choose deep pots, as the plant builds up a big root system and develops it at length.
The bottom should be covered with a drainage material. Active watering of the plants begins in the spring. At the same time grow rapidly. This is the perfect time for intensive feeding with liquid fertilizer.
If flower are planted in the open ground, the first time it doesn’t cost much to water, as it will actively acquire foliage that will prevent rapid flowering. Moisture deficit during this period, promotes the formation of flower buds. This is the main task of Amaryllis in the garden, creating a decorative effect. Only after achievement by an arrow of height 10 cm you can start watering. The arrow itself is recommended to be tied up that it didn’t break under the weight of flowers and flower buds.
To water home Amaryllis better in the pan to optimize the appearance of moisture in the pot. If flowers grow in the open air, then watering directly on the bulb undesirable.
For plants of this species are dangerous fungous diseases and scale insects. At the first symptoms of these diseases need to start a fight with them. Use Fundazol and Bordeaux mixture.
Amaryllis likes bright light. On the site it is better to allocate it an open space. But drafts can kill the young shoots.
The period of dormancy of the Amaryllis
At the end of the summer we should cease to feed the plant, and to reduce the amount of watering. At the end of October to water the plant does not need. At this time, the Amaryllis will drop leaves, retaining all the nutrients solely in the bulb. To help the plant and remove the leaves should not, in November they finally fall off.
While at rest, the flower keeps the root system alive. It will require rare watering, about once every 3 weeks. Light this plant is not needed. It can be placed anywhere in the Cabinet or on the mezzanine. The place should be cool and dry. The average temperature remains in the range of 5 to 12 degrees. This condition will last about 2 months. It should be remembered that resting follicles are very afraid of frost, so you need to avoid hypothermia, and to protect the plant from drafts.
Amaryllis: transplantation and propagation
There are several methods to transplant Amaryllis, and every grower chooses its technology itself. Someone thinks that a change needs to exercise once in 3-4 years, others suggest to do this every year. In any case, you shouldn’t neglect this important step in the process of plant care.
Some believe that you can just plant a flower in a spacious pot, but in this case, do not expect lush blossoms, since a large number of «kids» on the bulb because of the excessive space is not conducive to the formation of flowers.
There are some rules that will help efficiently and competently to transplant the plant. First you need to choose the right pot – it needs to be 3 cm wider than the place that was occupied by the onion. The very flesh need to be immersed in the ground only halfway.
It is best to transplant Amaryllis in July. At this time the plant will enter dormancy. When a flower, you should keep a few leaves, they are a source of food for the young bulbs. Within six months, the follicle forms a new root system.
The soil must have a specific composition and characterized by acidity 6.5 pH. It is better to mix of four parts loam, four parts sand, four parts leaf soil and two parts humus. The more simple the composition comprises four parts leaf soil and one part humus. For the safety of young plants, the soil is recommended to sterilize.
Amaryllis can be propagated by seeds. To form seeds, it is necessary to carry out the process of pollination the stigmas of other plants. Seeds themselves will Mature 1 month under the condition of temperature of 24 degrees plus. For reliability is to carry out pollination twice. In addition, the plant of such type is capable of self-pollination. Breeding material is ripe as soon as the boxes with the seeds begin to crack. The ability to germination persists after this 6 weeks. The composition of the substrate for seeding is similar to that prepared for the transplant.
Seeds need to be submerged in the ground half a centimeter. The soils need to drain and contain indicators 22-25 degrees Celsius. As soon as the shoots have appeared, 2 leaves, they can be put in individual pots.
Also effective vegetative propagation of Amaryllis. When a plant has to be separated from the root system of a small onion with the roots. It germinated and transplanted into soil. The leaves in this case are the source of a young plant nutrients.Another way: digging is not a healthy plant, from the top of the root system cut off a piece with leaves. Received part of the incision vertically into four segments, between which are laid wooden sticks with a diameter of 0.5 cm to Include this need in flat-light and temperature of 25 degrees. Watering should be moderate and in the spring grown onions can be transplanted in the ground.
Another effective method of reproduction is reduced to the selection of beautiful bulbs with a diameter of 60 mm. It should be freed from scales and remove the bottom and the top. Onion cut into 4 pieces vertically and soaked in fungicide for 30 minutes.
Then in the substrate (perlite and peat 4:1) prepared pieces immerse only one-third. Then the soil should be moistened and kept at a temperature of 22 degrees. Every 7 days the material is treated with a fungicide and store soil moisture for the whole rooting period.
The result of these simple manipulations will be beautiful flowering Bush that can decorate both the interior and garden or terrace.